Tokyo Metropolitan Government

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  • 8-1 Nishi-Shinjuku 2-chome, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 163-8001

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1603     Tokugawa Ieyasu establishes Shogunate Government (Tokugawa Shogunate) in the town of Edo. Edo period begins.
1657     Major fire in Edo claims over 100,000 lives.
1674     Seki Takakazu publishes Hatsubi-Sanpo, presenting solutions to algebraic equations.
1718     Firefighting organizations established.
1721     First population census conducted (Edo’s population about 1.3 million).
1722     Koishikawa Yojosho established as the first free hospital by the government.
1854     Treaty of Peace and Amity between Japan and the U.S. concluded (Japan ends seclusion policy).
1867     Tokugawa Yoshinobu, last shogun of the Tokugawa Shogunate, resigns and returns governing power to the Emperor.
1868     New Meiji government established. Meiji era begins.
Edo renamed Tokyo and becomes a prefecture.
1872     First railway line opens between Shimbashi, Tokyo and Yokohama.
1877     First Industrial Exhibition held at Ueno Park.
1879     First Tokyo-fu (prefecture) Conference held.
1882     First zoo opened in Ueno.
1885     Cabinet system established. Ito Hirobumi appointed as first Prime Minister.
1888     Municipal organization system introduced.
1889     Constitution of the Empire of Japan promulgated. Tokyo City and 15 wards established.
1893     Jurisdiction of three Tama Areas transferred from Kanagawa Prefecture to Tokyo-fu.
1894     Tokyo-fu Government Building completed in Marunouchi.
Sino-Japanese War begins (ends 1895).
1904     Russo-Japanese War begins (ends 1905).
1912     Taisho era begins.
1914     World War I begins (ends 1918).
Red brick and tile Tokyo Station completed.
1920     Japan becomes one of the original members of the League of Nations.
First census conducted. Population of Tokyo-fu rapidly increases and becomes 3,699,428.
1923     Great Kanto Earthquake claims the lives of around 140,000 people and destroys about 300,000 houses.
1925     Universal male suffrage enacted.
Radio broadcasting services launched.
1926     Showa era begins.
1927     First subway line opens between Asakusa and Ueno.
1931     Tokyo Airport opens in Haneda.
1935     Tokyo's resident population reaches 6.36 million (almost the same as New York City and London).
1941     Port of Tokyo opens.
Pacific War begins.
1943     Metropolitan administration system established.
1945     March 10: Tokyo hit by heaviest air raid since beginning of war.
Pacific War ends.
Tokyo’s population drops to 3.49 million (half of 1940 levels).
1947     Constitution of Japan promulgated.
New local self-government system introduced. Seiichiro Yasui elected first Governor of Tokyo by popular vote.
Tokyo launches 23 special-ward administration system.
1951     Treaty of Peace with Japan and Japan-U.S. Security Treaty concluded.
1953     Television broadcasting services launched.
1956     Japan joins United Nations.
1959     Ryotaro Azuma elected Governor of Tokyo.
1962     Tokyo population reaches 10 million.
Start of high economic growth period.
1964     Olympic Games held in Tokyo.
1967     Ryokichi Minobe elected Governor.
1968     Ogasawara Islands returned to Japan.
1969     Tokyo Metropolitan Pollution Control Ordinance enacted.
1973     Oil crisis occurs.
1975     First public election of ward mayors conducted.
1979     Fifth G7 Economic Summit Meeting held in Tokyo.
Shunichi Suzuki elected Governor.
1982     Long-Term Plan for the Tokyo Metropolis announced.
1989     Heisei era begins.
1991     Tokyo Metropolitan Government Buildings move to Shinjuku from Marunouchi.
1993     Rainbow Bridge opened.
1995     Yukio Aoshima elected Governor.
1997     Long-Term Strategies for a Resident-Friendly Tokyo announced.
1999     Shintaro Ishihara elected Governor.
Fiscal Reconstruction Promotion Plan announced.
Say No to Diesel Vehicles! campaign launched.
2000     Responsibility of refuse collection and disposal transferred to wards.
Miyake Island erupts and all residents evacuated.
2001     Asian Network of Major Cities (ANMC21) holds 1st Plenary Meeting.
2002     Accommodation tax introduced.
Tokyo City Promotion Campaign sends first mission to Europe.
2003     Diesel Vehicle Emissions Regulations introduced in Greater Tokyo Area.
2004     ShinGinko Tokyo Bank established.
2005     New Tokyo Metropolitan University begins operations.
2006     Tokyo selected as Japan’s applicant city for the 2016 Olympics.
Tokyo's Big Change: The 10-Year Plan announced.
2007     Inaugural Tokyo Marathon held.
Tokyo announces Japan’s first financial statements based on the new public accounting system.
Green Tokyo Fundraising Campaign launched.
2008     Tokyo selected as a candidate city for the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
C40 Tokyo Conference on Climate Change held.
2009     Rio de Janeiro selected to host the 2016 Olympic Games.
2010     Haneda Airport puts new runway and international terminal into service.
2011     Great East Japan Earthquake occurs.
Ogasawara Islands inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
Tokyo announces its bid to host the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
Tokyo Vision 2020 formulated.
2012     Naoki Inose elected Governor.
2013    Tokyo selected to the host the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

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